Read about the key software development trends that will gain traction in 2022 no matter what industry you're in or what technology stack you use.
The world is changing and developing very rapidly, especially for the past 3-5 years. Depending on the agenda, we can predict trends that will become necessary in certain circumstances. The year 2020 was marked by the coronavirus, which showed us that in modern realities only the business that quickly adapts to circumstances can survive and make a profit.
Businessmen need to be aware of the latest technological trends in order to keep abreast of life. Therefore, our UNL Solutions team has compiled a list of software development trends in 2022. Let’s get started!
The public cloud is defined as computing services offered by third-party providers over the public Internet, making them available to anyone who wants to use or purchase them. They may be free or sold on-demand, allowing customers to pay only per usage for the CPU cycles, storage, or bandwidth they consume.
Unlike private clouds, public clouds can save companies from the expensive costs of having to purchase, manage, and maintain on-premises hardware and application infrastructure – the cloud service provider is held responsible for all management and maintenance of the system. Public clouds can also be deployed faster than on-premises infrastructures and with an almost infinitely scalable platform. Every employee of a company can use the same application from any office or branch using their device of choice as long as they can access the Internet.
Why is public cloud computing gaining its popularity in 2022?
First of all, let’s have a look at the current data. According to the current statistics provided by Statista.com, the global public cloud computing market continues to grow and is expected to reach an estimated 482 billion U.S. dollars in 2022. Press Release published by Gartner says that the cloud will be the centerpiece of new digital experiences.
The biggest benefit of the public cloud is the cost. Customers are offered a pay-as-you-go model. It means that no upfront investments must be made. Key companies offering public cloud platforms to customers are Amazon Web Services, Microsoft Azure, and Google Cloud which show their plans to move all the data to the cloud.
2. Growth of IT outsourcing
Outsourcing is the practice of passing individual tasks, subareas, or business processes over to a third-party and thereby receiving the results from outside of your own company. Services that your company was responsible for fulfilling are provided by a specialized service provider. Before these tasks were often a business’s secondary functions: tasks that must be fulfilled in a way for a company to focus on its central activity. Now businesses are ready to delegate even the most significant issues.
A huge amount of businesses now admit that they lack experienced and qualified specialists to keep up with the latest trends. It is often very difficult for them to find good IT specialists to develop their business and be on par with technological progress. Accordingly, organizations turn to hire a Dedicated Software Development Team.
In modern companies that outsource IT specialists, you can hire not only developers but also a team of testers, marketers, and managers. In 2022, delegating important technical processes to IT specialists will only become more popular. Anyway, you stay with a double benefit: you do not need to spend a lot of time searching for individual specialists in the staff, moreover, as a result, you get high-quality work made by professionals.
3. Global recognition of microservices
Microservices architecture is naturally used in large and complex organisations where a number of development teams can work independently to deliver business functionality and where applications are required to serve a business domain.
As the name implies, microservices are essentially independent software services that provide specific business functionality in a software application. These services can be maintained, monitored, and deployed independently.
Microservices architecture is gaining popularity and is being employed in nearly all major software projects. This is mainly due to its benefits and the problems it solves.
While a monolithic application is a single unified unit, a microservices architecture breaks it down into a collection of smaller independent units. These units carry out every application process as a separate service. So all the services have their own logic and the database as well as perform the specific functions.
We have already informed you about the benefits of microservices architecture for startups. Now let’s go deeper into the benefits of using this type of architecture.
High scalability can be one of the biggest advantages. Each element can be scaled independently. So the entire process is more cost- and time-effective than with monoliths when the whole application has to be scaled even if there is no need for it. In addition, every monolith has limits in terms of scalability, so the more users you acquire, the more problems you have with your monolith. Therefore, many companies end up rebuilding their monolithic architectures.
This programming language was among the trends of 2021, and we are sure that in 2022 it will not lose its position. It was always a strong candidate for frontend development, and the possibility to use JS both for client-side and server-side appeals to developers.
JS has strong benefits that make it one of the competitive programming languages. For example, AngularJS developers help companies to grow better and faster as it’s mainly used in building web applications.
5. React Native – domination in hybrid development
Universal cross-platform development continues to grow its popularity that’s why React Native has a strong position in this list.
React Native is an open-source mobile application framework created by Facebook, Inc. It is used to develop applications for Android, Android TV, iOS, macOS, tvOS, Web, Windows, and UWP by enabling developers to use React’s framework along with native platform capabilities.
First of all, with the help of React Native, the customer can save time and cost to build mobile apps on multiple platforms. Secondly, a React Native app ensures speed and agility for the mobile apps with responsiveness and a great native app-based user experience. So, the platform offers a lot of advantages, and for companies it’s vital that IT specialists could provide solutions with considerable cost and time savings. So, we’re sure that React Native easily meets all these demands.
6. Growth in Artificial Intelligence and Machine Learning
The whole world, including private businesses, strives to automate all possible processes. Human resources are limited, so we turn to modern technologies. At the moment, we already have tools and programs that significantly reduce customer costs, while increasing efficiency and capacity.
In order to achieve this goal, companies need to invest in smart software solutions, such as machine learning or artificial intelligence. Steering processes on a large scale and using all kinds of different instruments requires a highly scalable solution and maximum process automation. Human functionality and its ability to control complex processes in real-time are limited. The more flexibility and growth you want to reach, the more automation is necessary for that success. Smart solutions are not only able to generate data, but can also focus on the most relevant information, which not only gives you a good understanding of your processes but which also lets you steer them autonomously.
AI and ML are the tools that continue their growth and development. According to the upcoming forecasts, the Artificial Intelligence market to surge 33.2% CAGR (Compound Annual Growth Rate) till 2027. Such an encouraging prognosis is very close to reality, and here are the reasons.
One of the most important benefits of artificial intelligence and AutoML (Automatic Machine Learning) algorithms is the ability to predict. Knowing what happens in supply chains leads to increased quality and more flexible interactions. Using IoT sensors to gather information and to visualise the results only leads to a picture of the past. Alternatively, this software gathers real-time data and then compares them with historical information and external resources. This enables the software to understand the context and therefore leads to prediction in real-time.
Moreover, here we can speak about the scalability and cost-efficiency of this approach. Clients do not need to increase their workforce to control and manage the software, they are able to monitor all of their processes in real-time by focusing on incidents. Secondly, they can focus on increasing the quality and operations of their processes with just an increase of resources.
7. Blockchain-Empowered Security
Technologies simplify life, speed up processes, and significantly reduce costs for many companies. But there is one thing. The more processes are connected with technologies, the more vulnerable the security of these processes becomes. Therefore, in addition to the development of various technologies, we should also pay great attention to their security systems. The best technology to protect systems and data is the blockchain that is why it will be widely used to develop secure and reliable software in various spheres of life.
The Blockchain is the underlying technology supporting digital currencies like Bitcoin; it’s a decentralized platform that securely processes transactions through encryption. Since this technology cannot be owned by anyone, company, or entity, and each user has the ability to view or access the state of Blockchain at any given time, the Blockchain has become increasingly lauded as a new underlying protocol and infrastructure to do completely new and revolutionary functions that have a great impact on business, industry, government, and potentially society.
International Data Corp. has released a new update to its Worldwide Semiannual Blockchain Spending Guide where it predicts that annual global spending on blockchain solutions will reach $11.7 billion by 2022. It represents a five-year compound annual growth rate (CAGR) of 73.2%. Such impressive indicators tell us that this technology meets all expectations and goes far beyond digital currency.
8. PWA Gaining Popularity
Progressive Web Applications (PWA) are websites that provide a native app experience on a mobile phone. Progressive Web Apps is the technology that’s driving competitions almost everywhere—from the Windows platform to major app marketplaces such as Google Play Store; and that’s all understandable, considering that PWA is projected to be the next natural step in the Evolution of Web Technology.
So, why should we pay special attention to PWA? First of all, it combines the best characteristics of native apps and responsive websites. PWAs show better results in speed and offline mode. Moreover, people prefer to work with PWA due to a few perks.
Firstly, fast installation. PWAs are installed straight from the web browser to any device. Having this feature, user abandonment of a web app is significantly lower with a vividly enhanced advantage towards user experience. The installed app remains on the desktop or mobile device home screen and can be easily accessed from there. Also, it is not obligatory to install the PWA app to access it as it can be done via an URL as well. Due to the simplified ways to access the app, users find it credible, flexible, and reliable.
Secondly, PWAs have the ability to work everywhere. Users, who often switch between their devices can receive cross-support anywhere. This is done to meet the consumer needs and to make sure they receive a continuous experience. Moreover, they contribute to business automation, especially when it comes to companies that rely on PWAs. PWAs are highly responsive to various form factors, as they adapt properly to various screen sizes.
9. Rising demand on Cyber Security
Cyber security is the practice of defending computers, servers, mobile devices, electronic systems, networks, and data from malicious attacks. It’s also known as information technology security or electronic information security. The term applies in a variety of contexts, from business to mobile computing, and can be divided into a few common categories.
While it is critical to take digitization seriously, it is also crucial that businesses take cyber security seriously. The costs of random cybercriminal attacks are projected to rise dramatically in the coming years. Attackers try to use new approaches to hack systems and steal the data they need. Thus previous cybersecurity systems don’t work properly anymore. The security system should be flexible and strong enough to repel emerging threats, so highly secure apps will surely be in demand.
We do not know what the year 2022 will bring to us and how events in it may affect our lives. The only thing we are sure of is that the one who can adapt quickly to the present conditions survives and grows. The world will continue to develop modern technologies and make discoveries, but we will also wait for something completely new and previously unknown that can change our world for the better.